Galileo Galilei is one of the greatest physicists and astronomer in the entire world. He was born in Italy in the year 1564. In early 1600, Galileo invented the spyglass device which could make him view distant objects such as those in space.
Galileo, who started his astology career as a mathematics tutor, continued to sharpen his skills regarding his discovery. It wasn’t long before his research on the laws of motion led him towards the invention of the telescope. His telescope was so powerful that it could magnify distant objects up to eighth or ninth times. As such, he became the first man to see craters of the moon as well as discover sunspots. This significantly shaped his understanding on the universe and the world around him. Afterward, he made a series of astronomical discoveries which were strongly objected. For instance, Galileo claimed that the moon surface wasn’t smooth. This was against the widespread knowledge of many, including the ancient church.
Another famous discovery he made was the rings surrounding planet Saturn. The rings which appeared like lobes drove him further and further into space exploration. While observing Jupiter’s moons, Galileo also discovered other planets and recorded them.
During this period, most of the people, including the ancient Roman Catholic, believed in the Copernican system. According to the Copernican system, the solar system as a whole was centered on the earth. In other words, all the other planets, as well as objects in the universe, moved around the earth. Being formulated by Nicolaus Copernicus in 1543, the theory was the most common among the Roman Catholics. However, after making several discoveries, Galileo objected this theory. He claimed that the solar system was heliocentric. In other words, it was sun-centered rather than earth-centered.
In the early 1600s, Galileo was called by the Roman Catholic Church in Rome and warned against spreading his controversial theory. Nevertheless, he continued to support his belief. In 1632, Galileo was put under house arrest. Upon summon, he was found guilty of heresy and put to house arrest for the rest of his life by the powerful Catholic Church. One of the main reason as to why the church sought to silence him was because his discoveries could change how the ancient measured space. Besides, the findings stood a high chance of threatening church territorial holdings.
Besides, the Galileo’s main intention was to shed everything into the light. He wanted to disapprove the Copernicus theory. However, the Roman Catholics were not ready to receive such disapprovals since they could lose trust and credibility from their followers.
Due to the fact that the church had more influence, it was considered as part of the Roman Empire. In order to control massive followers, the ancient church had to proselytize the new world. However, by allowing Galileo to continue spreading the heliocentric discoveries, the church role could be threatened. Therefore, they had to find a way of silencing him. Last but not least, the church also wanted to maintain its moral authority over the empire.